Social Science Issues
Throughout the first two modules, you have been guided through work on Project One (a research investigation), which you will continue to work on in Modules Three through Five and will formally submit to your instructor at the end of Module Five. This assignment provides you with an important opportunity to get valuable instructor feedback on the progress you are making and to ensure you are on the right track for your later submission.
Throughout the first two modules, you have explored social science issues for further investigation and examined social science principles that relate to issues of interest to you. Specifically, in this assignment, you will submit the Project One elements listed below for review by your instructor.
In Module Two: Exploring Social Science Issues (Continued), learning block 2-2 (page 4), you began working on the following section of the prompt:
A. Describe the issue in the social sciences that you have selected to investigate. Why is this issue significant? In Module Two: Exploring Social Science Issues (Continued), learning block 2-3 (page 2), you completed the following work:
A. Identify the social science principles that apply to your issue. In other words, which principles of social science apply to the issue you selected?
B. Explain how the principles you identified apply to your issue. In other words, how are the social science principles you identified relevant to your
Please note that the numbering included above directly aligns with the numbering of these elements as they are presented in the Project One Guidelines and Rubric document.
Also, in a separate paragraph describe your selected social science issue and include two relevant questions that social science professionals (e.g., psychologists, sociologists, or anthropologists) might be interested in.
Rubric Guidelines for Submission:
Submit your progress check assignment as a Microsoft Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Your submission should be at least 1 page in length. Any citations should be formatted according to APA style.
* You can pick any social science issue that you want.
Social Science Issues
There are various social science issues, including discrimination and prejudice, addiction and substance abuse, violence, human and civil rights, among others. In this module, I will investigate issues that surround violence. I have chosen Police brutality because it happens to be a form of violence that is currently being dealt with within the United States and worldwide. Police brutality is the unwarranted or illegal use of excessive force against civilians by police officers. Various forms of police brutality range from assault and battery to torture, mayhem, and murder. Other broader definitions of police brutality encompass harassment, false arrest, verbal abuse, and intimidation, among other kinds of mistreatment.
The citizens of America, including some visitors of all ethnicities, races, classes, and genders, have experienced a form of police brutality. Since the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, police brutality has existed; for example, the poor and working-class whites expressed their frustration over-policing full of discrimination in the northern cities. The Jewish and other immigrants from eastern and southern Europe also complained of police brutality against their communities. Nowadays, most police brutality victims include African Americans, some whites and other ethnic groups from the poor ranks, and low-income working classes. Also, those that lack significant political influence or financial resources necessary in effectively publicizing police brutality complaints.
Examples of cases of police brutality this year include that of George Floyd, who was arrested for allegedly using a counterfeit bill to buy a packet of cigarettes, and the police knelt on his neck until he suffocated to death while unarmed (Brooks, Floyd, McDade, Taylor, Arbery & Castile, 2020). Rayshard Brooks fell asleep in his car, blocking the drive-through lane at a fast-food restaurant, he tried running away unarmed, but the police shot him twice in the back. Daniel Prude runs onto the streets naked as he was experiencing a mental episode. The police put a spit hood on his head and pressed it against the pavement, which led to his death. He suffered complications of asphyxia because of the restraint and acute intoxication. Breonna Taylor was home asleep when three plainclothes officers executed a search warrant in a drug case. She was shot eight times as she was unarmed.
There are some of the social science principles the apply to police brutality. They include social science being fundamental to a democratic society, and it should include different values, perspectives, interests, and funders (Dingwall, Iphofen, Lewis, Oates & Emmerich, 2017). The second principle is social science-respecting for the autonomy, values, diversity, privacy, and dignity of different people, groups, and communities. The third principle is that all social science must be conducted with integrity, always using the most appropriate methods for the research purpose. The fourth principle involves social scientists acting concerning their social responsibilities in their research. The fifth principle states that social science’s main aim should be a maximizing benefit and minimizing harm. That means that social scientists are responsible for practicing democracy, respect, and integrity in ending police brutality.
In conclusion, each of these principles applies to the issue of police brutality. The first principle means that democracy has to be practiced, including different values, perspectives, funders, and interests. There should be no police brutality since where there is a democracy, there is no racism, which is the main cause of police brutality. The second principle is about how social science respects diversity, dignity, among other things. The police officers need to respect different cultures and diversities as a way of ending the brutality. The third principle is about integrity. Integrity helps social scientists make ethical decisions to avoid acting irrationally. The fourth principle is about social scientists acting concerning their social responsibilities. For the police officers, they are supposed to protect society and not to kill. Finally, the police officers should aim at minimizing harm to the people.
Dingwall, R., Iphofen, R., Lewis, J., Oates, J., & Emmerich, N. (2017). Towards common principles for social science research ethics: A discussion document for the Academy of Social Sciences. Finding common ground: Consensus in research ethics across the social sciences. Emerald Publishing Limited.
Brooks, R., Floyd, G., McDade, T., Taylor, B., Arbery, A., & Castile, P. (2020). Matter.