Scaffolding Math Instruction
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Scaffolding of concepts in math instruction is imperative for students to master concepts and develop a strong mathematical literacy. Math is a subject that naturally continues to deepen students’ comprehension of concepts as they progress through the grade levels. For example, during primary grade instruction, students learn basic addition concepts. In later grades, addition comprehension develops into repeated addition that in turn leads into an understanding of multiplication and so on. Building a strong mathematical foundation in early education using various learning strategies in units of study ensures that the teacher is meeting the needs of all learners.
For this assignment, select a grade level K-3 and at least one state standards related to mathematical operations. Using the “COE Lesson Plan Template,” develop a lesson based on your selected standards.
As you are developing your lesson, consider how to create objectives that measure students’ actions and incorporate differentiated learning to meet the needs of students at, above, and below grade level.
For this assignment, you do not need to complete the “Multiple Means of Expression” section in the “COE Lesson Plan Template.”
As you develop your lesson, consider how this lesson would scaffold with other lessons. Below your lesson plan, write a 150-250 word reflection describing the following:
What knowledge and skills would need to be taught before this lesson to make sure students are able to retain the content?
What lessons would logically be taught after this lesson to take students to the next level of understanding?
How would you differentiate to meet the needs of students above and below grade level?
Grade Level: 2nd Grade
Standard: 2.OA.2 – Students will use repeated addition, or multiplication, to find the total number of objects in arrays up to 10 x 10.
Objective: Students will be able to use repeated addition to find the total number of objects in arrays up to 10 x 10.
Whiteboard and markers
10 x 10 array worksheet
Introduction: Review with students the concept of arrays and how they can help us find the total number of objects in a group.
Guided Practice: Using a whiteboard, write down an array of objects, such as 5 x 4, and have students help you find the total number of objects by counting the rows and columns. Repeat this process several times with different arrays.
Independent Practice: Pass out the 10 x 10 array worksheet to each student. Have them work independently to find the total number of objects in each array.
Assessment: Have students play a game of “Roll and Cover” with dice. Each student will roll two dice, find the total, and place a marker on that number on their 10 x 10 array worksheet. The first student to fill their entire array wins.
Before this lesson, students need to have a strong understanding of basic addition and the concept of arrays. This lesson builds upon that foundation and teaches students how to use repeated addition to find the total number of objects in an array. After this lesson, students can continue to develop their understanding of multiplication and division by finding the total number of objects in arrays larger than 10 x 10, or by finding the number of objects in each row or column.
To differentiate for students above and below grade level, I would offer extra support for students below grade level by having them work with a partner or in small groups, and offer more challenging arrays for students above grade level. Additionally, students who need extra support could use manipulatives to physically count the objects, while students who are ready for more of a challenge could work with arrays up to 15 x 15.
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