Roles Culture, Gender, and Religion in Emotion Experience and Expression
Items that stood out in the study
How culture, gender, and religion affect how we feel and how we show how we feel
Things in the study that stood out
The number of points in the article is about emotional experiences and how they show up in different people, as well as the differences in how people show their emotions based on social, gender, and cultural factors. These things stood out because there are so many different ways that people of different genders, religions, and social backgrounds show how they feel. These facts about gender, religion, and social life came out of the empirical research. The person who did the study wanted to know how these three things affect people’s feelings and how these feelings are shown between different people.
What did the researchers who wrote the study you chose look at? What did they think, and why did they think it?
In the study, the author looked at how often people feel basic emotions and other emotions. He also looked at how people of different relationships show their feelings in a way that is appropriate. The study also looked at whether or not it is appropriate to feel and express basic emotions based on religion and culture. (DeLeersnyder & Boiger (2016). The author thinks that there is a meaningful link between showing how you feel and how you feel. The author also thinks that the way emotions are shown in different social relationships is different. The author’s reasoning showed that different people have different ways of accepting different parts of their emotions and different ways of expressing themselves.
How did they do things?
The information for this study was gathered with the help of a questionnaire. In the study, 56 men and 28 women from Sri Lanka and the western province were used. The information for the study was gathered through a method called “convenience sampling.” The ages of the participants ranged from 17 to 64 years, with 28 being the average age. The people who took part in the study were Buddhists from Sri Lanka. Anyone who wanted to could take part in this study. A questionnaire was made to find out how different people felt and what they said about it. The researcher gave the participant time to talk about the purpose of the study, and they were shown how to fill out the questionnaire.
Findings that are important, the authors
The researcher found that gender made a big difference in how people felt their basic and secondary emotions. So, this showed that anger, shyness, sadness, and happiness felt differently by men and women. The research showed that women feel sad more often than men do. When it comes to anger, it was found that men get angry more than women. Based on how happy and shy people are, the research found that women are happier and shyer than men. Based on how basic and secondary emotions are shown, it was found that men show anger more than women, while women show shyness more than men. Concerning how people show their emotions based on their social relationships, the research found a meaningful relationship that is different from how people should show their emotions. It was found that the number of times a person tells their spouse they are sad is very high.
What the study can’t do
The sampling number used in this study is small, which is a weakness. This study only used fifty-four people, so it could be biased. This could have given a misleading result, since this number is too small to be used as a representative of Sri Lanka and the western province.
How do the results of this study help you understand what you’ve been learning this week?
The study’s results show me a few things that I can appreciate. I understand that different people have different feelings and different ways of showing them. I also understand that people show their feelings about social relationships in different ways. I now have a better idea of what sadness, anger, and happiness look like in men and women. I can now see that how we’ve shown our feelings has depended on how well we know the different people. This study has helped me and my friends understand ourselves and each other much better.
The study’s hypothesis said that therapy that doesn’t involve drugs is a good way to treat ADHD. Compared to Methylphenidate, which is a stimulant therapy for kids ages 4 to 6 years old. The study had a flaw in that the environment in which it was done could have led to biased results. This is because the children may be overstimulated in the classroom. During the evaluation process, it could lead to distractions that make it hard to do a good job. Another problem is that the person collecting the data might change how well it works. This problem can be fixed by telling the parent and teacher how the student will be graded. Participants can also be put in classrooms where they don’t know their teachers.
ARTICLE: Emotional Experiences and Expressions of Individuals in the Sri Lankan Context: The Roles of Gender, Culture, and Religion
Chapter 21: Brody, Hall, J. A., & Stokes, (2016). Gender and emotion: Theory, findings, and context. In L. Feldman Barrett, M. Lewis, & J. M. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), Handbook of Emotions, 4th Ed. (pp. 369-392). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Chapter 22: Mesquita, B., DeLeersnyder & Boiger (2016). The cultural psychology of emotions. In L. Feldman Barrett, M. Lewis, & J. M. Haviland-Jones (Eds.), Handbook of Emotions, 4th Ed. (pp. 393-411). New York, NY: Guilford Press.
Article: Hoffmann, Kessler, Eppel, Rukavina & Traue (2010). Expression intensity, gender, and facial emotion recognition: Women recognize only subtle facial emotions better than men. Acta Psychological, 135, 278-283. Hoffmann, Kessler, Eppel, T., Rukavina & Traue (2010). Expression intensity, gender, and facial emotion recognition: Women recognize only subtle facial emotions better than men. Acta Psychological, 135, 278-283. – Alternative Formats
Article: Leu, Wang & Koo (2011). Are positive emotions just as “positive” across cultures? Emotion, 11, 994-999. Leu, Wang & Koo (2011). Are positive emotions just as “positive” across cultures? Emotion, 11, 994-999. – Alternative Formats.