NUTRITION RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT
You will be required to research a nutrition topic of your choice based on the subjects we are discussing. You must find a research article on your topic, from an accredited journal (i.e. The Journal of Clinical Nutrition, The Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics (JADA, JAMA. The Journal of the American Medical Association or any other medical journal available the library or on the library’s database. You will submit the first page of the article with your paper and include a bibliography of the article read and proper citations when necessary. The final assignment will consist of the following components:
– A summary of your topic, including issues of concern or what research is being done and why.
– Include a copy of the first page of the article, bibliography and citations.
– Write a summary of the research article including who the subjects were, how many subjects were involved, what exactly was being studied, the methodology, the results and conclusion. – IN YOUR OWN WORDS
– Then write your own conclusion on the topic relating to the research your just read what you learned. Was it good science? Why? What did you come to believe about the topic?
*Topics must be specific, i.e. not simply “Vitamin A” but “Vitamin A and Cancer Prevention” or not just “Pediatric Nutrition” but “Parental Influence of Food Choices of Children.
*** Research articles must have subjects, methods, experiments and conclusions. It must be the original research NOT an arable about research. Not all articles in journals are original research, choose carefully.
**** All citations must be written in APA format (see directions). Help is available at the Library and the Writing Center
Role of Microminerals (Zinc) in Diabetes Mellitus Management
Diabetes Mellitus, as a type 2 diabetes, contributes to significant amounts of nutrient losses within an individual’s body. This is due to the metabolic foundation of the disease (Kaur and Henry, 2014). Micronutrients are usually involved in carb and glucose metabolism, as well as insulin release and more importantly insulin sensitivity within an individual. Type 2 Diabetes remains to be a chronic disease that involves high blood sugar levels and also a form of adult on-set diabetes, as it normally occurs to individuals within the middle and old age status. Zheng, Ley and Hu (2017) identify that diabetes type 2 is more significant as it is the ninth largest cause of death in the world; this implies 1 in 11 adults across the world, 90% of whom have diabetes mellitus.
The uncertainty that continues to manifest when establishing micronutrient levels and the role that these nutrients play for the pathogenesis of diabetes and the complications that manifest around it remains to be a great motivation for researchers across the world (Chehade et al., 2009). The article Comparative Evaluation Of Micronutrient Status In The Serum Of Diabetes Mellitus Patients And Healthy Individuals With Periodontitis by Biju Thomas, Suchetha Kumari, Ramitha, and Ashwini Kumari outlines that individuals with diabetes mellitus usually lose a lot of minerals, such as zinc through urination. Thomas et al., (2010) indicates that Zinc remains to be an important element in the insulin structure and remains to be an important stabilizing effect, while at the same time protecting against oxidative damages.
Lack of zinc is critical as it can lead to decreased production of insulin receptor and as such lead to decliend glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity. The objectives of the study was to establish a comparative analysis of the serum levels of vitamin C, Zinc and Copper in diabetic and health persons with periodontitis (Thomas et al., 2010). Another objectives was to comparatively analyze the micronutrient levels in individuals with metabolic disorders such as those with diabetes mellitus (with periodontitis), and in healthy individuals with periodontitis. The researchers included a sample of 60 subjects, Group 1- 20 subjects with diabetes and periodontitis, Group 2- included 20 healthy subjects with periodontitis and Group 3- was made up of 20 healthy subjects without periodontal disease. Venous blood samples were collected and mixed rapidly at 3000 revolutions per minute for 15 minutes. A supernatant serum was collected to evaluate the Vitamin C, Zinc and Copper levels (Thomas et al., 2010). The researchers concluded that persons with diabetes were at a greater risk of periodontal diseases and those with periodontitis, had impaired healing mainly due to marked tissue (dental) exhaustion of antioxidant nutrients and impaired acute phase proteins response to infection in the dental region (Thomas et al., 2010).
Categorically, researchers have found it necessary to research on the appropriate biomarkers of micronutrients status and needs for individuals, with type 2 diabetes in order to control how it affects their body functions. This is because the prototypical level of nutrient provision to achieve glucose balance in individuals with type 2 diabetic individual continue to be a challenges for many across the world. While medical nutrition therapy remains to be important in management of diabetes mellitus, there are increasingly uncertain grey areas in the dietary guidelines for diabetes mellitus and more and more scientists are increasingly investing in finding the role of micronutrients in people with type 2 diabetes. research essay writers
Chehade, J., Sheikh-Ali, M., & Mooradian, A. (2009). The Role of Micronutrients in Managing Diabetes. Diabetes Spectrum, 22(4), 214-218. doi: 10.2337/diaspect.22.4.214
Kaur, B., & Henry, J. (2014). Micronutrient Status in Type 2 Diabetes. Advances In Food And Nutrition Research, 55-100. doi: 10.1016/b978-0-12-800270-4.00002-x
Thomas, B., Kumari, S., Ramitha, k., & Kumari, A. (2010). Comparative evaluation of micronutrient status in the serum of diabetes mellitus patients and healthy individuals with periodontitis. Journal Of Indian Society Of Periodontology, 14(1), 46. doi: 10.4103/0972-124x.65439
Zheng, Y., Ley, S., & Hu, F. (2017). Global aetiology and epidemiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus and its complications. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, 14(2), 88-98. doi: 10.1038/nrendo.2017.151