Immigration with in homeland security, describe the background of the issue. Where or how did the situation begin? What steps have been taken in the past to address the issue and what were the outcomes? Why wasn’t the problem resolved?
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The United States Immigration system is highly complex with its involvement with legal visa categories, removal of various opportunities for unauthorized immigrants to seek discretionary relief and enforcement actions in administrative and judicial forums. This complexity resulted from the efforts of President George Bush to allow immigrants in legally without follow ups like the initial immigration procedures in the country.
The department of Homeland security was consolidated by President Bush from different agencies and bureaus with the purpose of prevention and responses to natural and man-made disasters. This consolidation was prompted by a terrorist attack that posed several vulnerabilities to the national security. The primary purpose of Homeland Security and the Committee is the protection of the United States homeland. The committee oversight the department of Homeland Security which includes the monitoring the security borders and ports of entry. The Homeland security department was previously carrying out policies and implementation functions of the former Immigration and Naturalization Service.
The department works with government agencies which include United States Customs and Border Protection, the United states Citizenship and Immigration Service and the United states immigration and Custom Enforcement to reduce threats that brought by the potential of terrorists entering the country, to deal with undocumented immigration and its effects and potential entry of illicit substances into the nation at borders and ports of entry. The Immigration and Nationality Act ended the national origins quota system that favored European immigrants inappropriately. These Act was the basic foundation of the current system which allow immigration based on family reunification and the needs of employers.
The George Bush administration started to deal with the situation by making border security a national issue. The implementation of the measures involved conducting background checks for foreign scientists and students that worked in the country. Later on, the people were rounded up and checked with little probable cause and deported. The immigration issues were resolved by the allowing of guest worker and legalization of immigration proposals which granted permanent residency status to immigrant people. midst political pressure on the immigration tide and security of American borders from terrorist attack, the administration admitted National Guard troops patrol the borders and mitigate the tide of illegal immigrants.
The outcomes of the reforms included the complexity of the procedures and policies that governed the immigration issues. The reforms of the immigration policies never resolved the immigration issues. That was contributed by the overall strict immigration system and static immigration quotas. There is still low quotas and differential treatment for individual nationalities which restricts national from certain countries are kept long before they immigrate.
The immigration policies and procedures count immigrant worker against multiple quotas. In cases where employers sponsor immigrants for permanent residence, the immigrants are counted against the employer-sponsored during they stay and also counted against the H-1B quota of temporary visas. In conclusion, the issues that face immigration in the United states have never been addressed from the time of Bush reforms. The different efforts and incorporation of different agencies only increase the complexity of immigration into the country. The complexity of the immigration system makes it almost impossible to enter the borders of the United States legally. The complex system will have a way of excluding and discriminating immigrant years after their acquisition of their green visas and permanent residences.
Baker, B., & Williams, C. (2017). Immigration enforcement actions: 2016. Internet de Homeland Security Department.
Bier, D. (2018). Why the legal immigration system is broken: A short list of problems. The CATO Institute. July, 10.