Explore the models for Community and Health Promotion mentioned below:
The health belief model
Stages of change model (trans-theoretical model)
Social cognitive Theory
Theory of reasoned action/planned behavior
After studying those models select one that you consider could be used as framework for a health promotion initiative of your interest to improve the indicators of your main health problem, selected in week 1. Why is this model suitable as health promotion framework for your health problem? Discuss your selection including the strengths and potential barriers to implement a health promotion strategy that you may wish to articulate in your community or group of interest.
Of the non-selected models to improve the indicators of the chosen health problem debate about one that you believe is not applicable to the potential goal of your health promotion initiative. Explain why you arrived to such conclusion, including potential barriers and challenges for its articulation. Community and Health Promotion Models
Topic 1: Selecting a Model for Health Promotion
For the purpose of this discussion, I will select the health problem of obesity as the focus of the health promotion initiative. The model that I believe could be used as a framework for this initiative is the ecological model.
The ecological model recognizes that individual behavior is influenced by a range of factors, including social, environmental, and policy factors. This model emphasizes the need for multiple levels of intervention, including individual, interpersonal, community, and policy levels. It recognizes that effective health promotion requires interventions that address the complex interplay between these different levels.
For the health problem of obesity, the ecological model is particularly suitable because it recognizes the importance of environmental and policy factors in shaping individual behavior. In order to promote healthy behaviors related to diet and physical activity, interventions must address the social and physical environments in which people live and work. This includes promoting access to healthy food options, safe and accessible opportunities for physical activity, and policies that support healthy lifestyles.
The strengths of the ecological model include its recognition of the multiple factors that influence behavior, its emphasis on multiple levels of intervention, and its focus on environmental and policy factors. By addressing these broader factors, the ecological model has the potential to create sustained changes in behavior and improve health outcomes.
However, potential barriers to implementing an ecological model-based health promotion strategy include the complexity of addressing multiple levels of intervention, the need for collaboration between different sectors and stakeholders, and potential resistance to policy changes. In addition, addressing environmental and policy factors may require significant resources and funding.
Topic 2: Non-Selected Model
Of the non-selected models, the health belief model may not be applicable to the goal of promoting healthy behaviors related to obesity. The health belief model focuses on individual beliefs and attitudes towards health behaviors, and assumes that behavior change is primarily driven by an individual’s perceived susceptibility to a health problem, the severity of the problem, the perceived benefits and barriers to taking action
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