SOCI 210C (3)
Crime and Society
This course is an introduction to the study of crime, criminality and corrections in the context of
contemporary Canadian society. The aim of this course is to promote critical thinking about
sociological responses to crime. We will begin to address the following questions: What are the
causes and consequences of various crimes? What theories can explain participation, impact and
prevention of various crimes? How does society and socialization influence criminality and
victimization? What alternatives to prison may better mitigate crime’s impacts, such as
Technology Requirements: For all courses, it is mandatory to have a laptop computer with a
webcam, microphone, and reliable internet connection.
Essays cannot be written properly on a cell phone. There are also more technical issues with
phones, including incompatibility with some of our systems – if you run into issues with your
phone during a quiz, lab or exam, you will not be eligible for any appeal or extension.
More details may be found here: https://alexandercollege.ca/programs-and-courses/online learning/#3
Many Canadian vendors offer computers that meet these requirements at very low prices; some
also give education discounts to students. We recommend you do an internet search for the best
options near you.
ENGL 098, SOCI 100 or SOCI 103
UBC: SOCI 250 (3)
SFU: SOCI 1xx (3)
UVic: SOCI 200 (3)
UNBC: SOSC 2xx (3)
Instructor: Jillian Deri, PhD
Office Hours: Wednesdays 10-11am (Zoom link posted in Canvas)
Course Objectives and Learning Outcomes
Some of the content of the readings, lectures, and discussions in this course might
challenge the values of some students. We respect, acknowledge, and are sensitive to
these concerns, and we commit to explaining the purpose of all course content in
achieving course learning outcomes. If you have concerns, please feel free to discuss
them with your instructor in class or during office hours.
During this course the student will:
• Interpret crime as a social phenomenon, including the changing definitions of
crime in relation to changing social and political developments in society
• Distinguish popular myths about crime from the measurable nature and extent of
• Assess and compare various theoretical explanations of crime and criminality
• Trace the relationships between the various components of state criminal justice
• Think critically about the social, legal, and institutional responses to crime
• Write an acceptable term paper based on an approved topic that examines
published research findings on one of the issues described in the course outline
• Introduction to Criminology
• Nature and Extent of Crime
• Victims and Victimology
• Choice Theory
• Trait Theory
• Social Structure Theories
• Socialization and Crime
• Violent Crimes
• Property Crimes
• White-Collar and Organized Crime
• Public Order Crimes
Gregory Brown, Ron Hoffman and Larry Siegel, 2017. CRIM: Introduction to
Criminology, Third Canadian Edition. Nelson Education Ltd.
ISBN-10: 0-17-653168-8, ISBN-13: 978-0-17-653168-3
**Textbook is available online as PDF/ Kindle: https://www.cengage.ca/shop/isbn/
Additional audiovisual material will be assigned throughout the course. See the schedule
below for details and Canvas for the links.
Assessment & Grading Scale:
Assessment Item Value Due date
Midterm Quiz 25% October 11
Modules 15% Various
Research Paper 20% December 7
Final Examination 30% TBA
Letter Grade Percentage Performance
A+ 90-100% Excellent Work
A 85-89% Nearly Excellent Work
A- 80-84% Very Good Work
B+ 76-79% Good Work
B 72-75% Mostly Good Work
B- 68-71% Above Average Work
C+ 64-67% Average Work
C 60-63% Mostly Average Work
C- 55-59% Below Average Work
D 50-54% Marginal Pass
F 0-49% Failure of the Course
Midterm Quizzes and Final Exam:
The midterm quizzes will cover material from both lectures and readings. The final exam
will take place during the formal examination period (date TBA). The format for both
tests will be multiple choice and short-answer questions.
For 5 weeks, student will complete readings, media, reflections and activities within the
Module. Each Module must be completed before the class that they are due. These
activities are designed to a) instruct content, b) practice summarizing content, c) enable
comprehension, d) retention of the material & e) practice reading, writing and
**Note: Weekly modules cannot be completed late. Late submissions will receive a grade
of 0. No exceptions.**
Each of the 5 modules will be evaluated as a low-stakes item out of 3% each for a total of
15%. These will be graded based on how thoroughly you complete the content, as well as
effort. The instructions, media and activities will be explained within the Module.
Students are expected to spend approximately 3-5 hours a week studying for this course.
Research Paper: Research papers will engage in-depth with one crime-related topic
connected to course material, in 6-8 pages (double-spaced). Your paper should address
proposed resolutions to described social issues and must focus on the Canadian context.
Further instructions will be provided in class.
Research papers will be graded based on the following criteria:
• Sources are relevant to the topic and appropriate for study
• Topic is researched and described in sufficient depth
• Effective synthesis, making logical connections between resources and social issues
• Minimum of five appropriate academic references (i.e. peer-reviewed books and journal
articles). On top of these, you are welcome to also include non-academic resources (i.e.
websites, documentaries, blogs, etc)
• Clearly defined focus and arguments
• Fully explore important aspects of the topic in sufficient depth and detail
• Comprehension of research, explained fully, clearly, and accurately
• Reasoned arguments supported with evidence and analysis
• Application of theories to social issues
• Recognition of broader implications of social issues
• Depth of critical analysis
• Well-organized, with logical and systematic connections
• Written clearly and comprehensible; convey coherent and intended meanings
• Grammar, accurate and effective sentence structure
• Vocabulary, appropriate for postsecondary level
• Academic tone (avoids slang, etc)
• Effective use of quotations and references
• Personal opinion, I statements and subjectivity are welcome, (backed up evidence based knowledge)
Participation: Your participation grade is based on your attendance, effort and
engagement in online discussions, forums and module activities. Students are expected to
arrive to class prepared to discuss the assigned readings. Multiple innovative
contributions that further student learning will earn you top grade. Attendance at Guest
Lectures is mandatory.
Late Policy: 5% a day will be deducted for late assignments. Modules cannot be
submitted late. Extensions can be requested for emergencies with appropriate
documentation. I encourage you to prioritize health and approach your instructor if any
health concern emerges that will influence your learning success.
Schedule of Topics and Readings
Introducing Crime and Criminology
• Overview of course
• Models of Crime
Readings: Chapter 1
Nature and Extent of Crime
• Patterns and Trends
Readings: Chapter 2
Victims and Victimization
• Care Practices
Readings: Chapter 3
• Rational Choice
Readings: Chapter 4
• Biology and Physiology
Readings: Chapter 5
Module #1 due October 4
October 11: Midterm Quiz in the first 60 minutes of class
Followed by a short lecture
Social Structure Theories
• Economic Structure and Crime
• Cultural Deviance
Readings: Chapter 6
Module #2 due October 18
Socialization and Crime
• Peer Influence
• Learning Theories
Readings: Chapter 7
Module #3 due October 25
• Interpersonal Violence
Readings: Chapter 10
Module #4 due November 1
Public Order Crimes
• Sex Work
Readings: Chapter 13
Module # 5 due November 8
November 15: Guest lecture by Kevin Connolly, Constable with Burnaby RCMP
Readings: Chapter 11
White Collar Crimes and Organized Crime
• Corporate Crime
• Environmental Crime
Readings: Chapter 12
Open Topic – To be determined
Final Paper due December 7
Final Exam: TBA
Exam Period: December 8-16
Response and Feedback
There will be regular announcements posted informing students of extra information and
reminders pertaining to class.
Contacting your Instructor
Students can contact the instructor through email (email@example.com) or through
Canvas mail. Students can expect a reply within 2 business days.
Assignment Grading & Feedback:
Students can expect grades and feedback on assignments within one week after the
assignment is due. Expectations and criteria for assignments are provided on this syllabus
and will be explored in detail in class.
Your paper may be checked for plagiarism.
Canvas Gradebook vs MyAC Final Grades:
All grades posted in the Gradebook are for the assignments, tests, etc. you earn during the
term. Final grade calculation is based on your cumulative grades for those assessments
and your final exam mark. Canvas Gradebook totals are unofficial grades provided to you
for information purposes. The final grade posted on MyAC is the official grade for
transcript and course prerequisite purposes.
Students are expected to demonstrate integrity, professionalism, responsibility, a commitment to
active learning, and respectful behaviour in and out of the classroom.
Students are expected to participate in all classroom activities. We encourage you to ask questions
about anything regarding the course and to contribute to classroom discussions according to the
guidelines outlined by your instructor.
In general, students are expected to complete 2 hours of homework (including the reading of
textbooks, preparation for quizzes and exams, completion of labs, assignments and exercises) for
every 1 hour of classroom activity.
At the start of class you should have the following things available to you: your class notes,
paper, pencils, pens, and/or laptop/tablet and/or any other specific equipment necessary for your
course (e.g. ruler, scientific calculator). In class, learning and problem-solving activities will take
place. Students will be required to submit completed exercises, worksheets, labs, etc., via Canvas.
Arriving Late and Leaving Early:
Students are expected to log in on time for their classes (5-10 minutes before is preferable). Late
login our early logouts will count as an absence.
Use of Tutors:
No use of outside tutors is permitted, unless approved by your instructor. This includes online
services that offer grammar and plagiarism checking – many of these services tend to “over tutor”
students and that can lead to an Academic Alert.
The Writing & Learning Centre specialists are the only authorised tutors for all AC courses. Use
of outside tutors, without the consent of your instructor will result in an Academic Alert.
Intellectual Property and Copyright
Any materials produced specifically for courses at Alexander College are considered the property
of the College and/or the instructors who create them. It is unlawful to copy, share, or otherwise
distribute these materials without permission from the College administration or your instructor.
Please be advised, North American copyright laws are more stringent than in many other
jurisdictions. If you are using photocopiers to copy published works, Canadian Copyright laws
forbid photocopying any more than 10% of any published source. You may not share photocopies
or distribute them to anyone else without the permission of the author(s).
Cell phone and Other Electronics:
Inappropriate use of cell phones or other electronics in class may result in your being asked to
leave the classroom and/or a Behavioural Misconduct Report being filed against you if the
behaviour continues after being warned by your instructor.
Taking pictures, video and/or audio recording of any person or activity during the class –
including the Virtual classrooms – without the permission of the instructor is strictly prohibited.
This type of misconduct is considered a serious violation of the College’s policy on privacy and
confidentiality. Violators of this policy may be asked to leave the classroom and/or a Behavioural
Misconduct Report may be filed against you.
Please be advised, if you are found guilty of serious Behavioural Misconduct it may result in
your suspension or expulsion from Alexander College. For more information, please see: https://
Online “Netiquette” in the Virtual Classroom and Email Communications:
There are common rules known as “netiquette” which govern online/electronic communications.
When engaging with classmates, instructors, or College staff via email, in the virtual classrooms,
or in online discussion forums, craft your communications thoughtfully and carefully and observe
the following guidelines:
▪ All communications must be respectful – no foul language or name calling.
▪ Do not write in all caps – this is the digital equivalent of shouting.
▪ Communications must be in proper English, and with correct capitalisation (e.g. ‘you are’
not ‘u r’; ‘I’ not ‘I’, names are capitalised).
▪ Correspondence: Whether you are responding to a classmate in a discussion group,
requesting help from a College department, or emailing your professor with a request, you
should begin all online correspondence with some sort of greeting:
o For formal email requests from service providers at the College such as the
Registrar’s Office, the language of your greeting should be more formal, using
the person’s name and salutation.
• E.g. Dear Ms. Brooks, Dear Mr.Hinchcliffe.
▪ If you don’t know the name of the person in the department, then it is
acceptable to address your message to the department:
▪ E.g. Dear Student Affairs, Dear Registrar, Dear Librarians
o For classmates, “Hello” followed by their first name” is recommended.
▪ E.g. Hello Gagandeep
o For communications with your instructor, use greetings such as “hello, good
morning, good afternoon, etc.” followed by your instructor’s name as he/she has
indicated they would like to be addressed in class.
▪ E.g.: Good morning Professor, Good afternoon Dr. Smith, Hello Michael.
▪ Response times for your messages: 48 hrs during weekdays (72 hrs on weekends) is
considered a reasonable response time for messages.
o Do not email repeatedly about the same issue unless you have not received a
response within these response times.
Alexander College is compliant with the Personal Information and Privacy Act (PIPA). Virtual
classes are recorded and stored by Alexander College solely for the purpose of ensuring quality of
instruction. By entering this virtual classroom, you are deemed to have consented to the recording
of the class. Students must be on camera during quizzes, exams and any other time the
instructor deems necessary.
Final Exam Qualifications – Humanities and Social Sciences Department Policy:
Students in Humanities and Social Sciences courses must complete the major assignments for
their course (major assignments include, but are not limited to unit tests, midterm exams, research
papers, proposals, annotated bibliographies, etc.) in order to qualify to write the final exam for
that course. Specific requirements will vary from course to course. Your instructor will advise you
about which and/or how many “major assignments” will be required for you to be eligible to
write your final exam.
Virtual Sessions: Arriving Late, Leaving Early and Attendance Recording on MyAC
Students are expected to log in on time for their classes (5-10 minutes before is recommended).
The link from MyAC to your course Zoom room will open 15 minutes prior to your scheduled
class start time. Late login or early logouts will count as an absence. Please ensure that you log
into your class each time via MyAC. If you use a saved Zoom link, or your instructor’s office
hours link, your attendance will not be recorded.
Please note: Your instructor is not obligated to manually update your attendance if you
do not follow the correct procedure. MyAC updates every 24 hours, so there may be a
time-lag between your classroom login and the updating of attendance statistics on the
In-Person Sessions: Arriving Late, Leaving Early and Attendance Recording on MyAC
Students are expected to be on time for their classes (arriving 5 minutes before the start of class is
recommended). Your instructor will manually record attendance for theses sessions on MyAC. If
you leave early or arrive late, your instructor may elect to record you as absent – this will not be
eligible for attendance appeals.
Students are expected to demonstrate integrity, professionalism, responsibility, a commitment to
active learning, and respectful behavior in and out of the classroom.
Students are expected to participate in all classroom activities. Students are encouraged to raise
their hand in class to ask questions or contribute to classroom discussions.
In general, the student is expected to complete 2 hours of homework (including the reading of
textbooks, preparation for quizzes and exams, completion of labs, assignments and exercises) for
every 1 hour of classroom activity.
Please bring class notes, paper, pencils, pens, ruler, and scientific calculator to class. In class,
learning and problem solving activities will take place and students will be required to submit
completed exercises, worksheets, and labs.
Arriving Late and Leaving Early:
Students are expected to arrive on time for their classes. After 10 minutes into the class, the door
of the classroom will be closed, and the Instructor will disallow students from entering the
classroom. Lateness and leaving early will count as an absence.
Cell phone and Other Electronics:
Cell phones and other electronics are not to be used in the classroom. Students who use cell
phones and other electronics in class will be asked to leave the classroom.
Food and drinks will not be permitted in class.
The student is responsible for completing homework activity. Late assignments will not be
accepted. If students miss or fail to complete in-class activities such as quizzes, exercises,
worksheets, and/or labs, they will receive a grade of 0 (zero) on the assignment.
In exceptional cases, students may be excused from taking an exam at the scheduled time. To be
excused, the student must:
• Notify the Instructor of an inability to take the exam prior to the scheduled time of the
exam, when possible.
• Provide proof of inability to take the exam (e.g., a doctor’s note).
No makeup exams will be arranged for midterm exams. Students who miss an exam for
legitimate reasons will have the weight of the missed exam moved to the rest of the exams.
Students who miss a final exam for legitimate and sufficient reasons, may appeal for a deferred
exam with the campus Director.
Alexander College no longer has a formal attendance requirement for UT courses, however an
attendance rate of 70% or higher is highly recommended for the following reasons:
1. Our data about our own students clearly demonstrates that students with the recommended
attendance rates are not only more likely to pass their courses, they are more likely to achieve
better grades. This is important to you because:
a. not having to repeat failed courses saves you time and money
b. better grades make you eligible for scholarships which can reduce tuition costs
c. fewer failures increases your chances of being accepted at other universities such as
UBC, SFU, etc.
d. fewer failures means you will more likely complete your associate degree within the
two year time frame, which also saves you money.
2. From time to time, the Canadian government checks up on visa students. High attendance rates
are a good indication that you are honouring the terms of your student visa. Maintaining good
student visa status may have a positive impact on qualifying for other visas in the future.
Please note: Students are responsible for completing all course material and assignments whether
present or not. Students who miss an exam due to illness or incapacity should refer to the exam
deferral process in the Academic Calendar (http://alexandercollege.ca/admissions-and registration/academic-calendar/).
The school has an “ENGLISH ONLY” policy for all classroom activity. All communication in the
classroom must be in English. Students who do not follow this policy will be asked to leave the
Academic Integrity & Misconduct:
At Alexander College, we expect that students hold themselves to the standard of Academic
Integrity and refuse to knowingly participate in any incident of plagiarism or cheating (academic
• If the Instructor finds an obvious case of plagiarism/cheating, the Instructor will meet
with and inform the student that they will receive a grade of 0 on the assignment, and
then fill out an Academic Alert (at reception) to give to the Director.
Plagiarism occurs when an individual submits or presents the work of another person as his or her
own. Scholarship quite properly rests upon examining and referring to the thoughts and writings
of others. However, when excerpts are used in paragraphs or essays, the author must be
acknowledged in the text, through footnotes, in endnotes, or in other accepted forms of academic
citation. Where collaborative work is permitted by the Instructor, students must ensure that they
comply with the Instructor’s requirements for such collaboration. Students are responsible for
ensuring that any work submitted does not constitute plagiarism. Students who are in any doubt
as to what constitutes plagiarism should consult their Instructor before handing in any
Examples of plagiarism include but are not limited to:
• Using another person’s words, ideas, theories, charts, photographs, etc. without citing
• Using any statistics, facts, opinions, or research without citing them.
• Incorrectly paraphrasing another person’s ideas.
• Incorrectly quoting another person’s words.
• Changing data or research or in any way misrepresenting research.
• Failure to properly use in-text citations and an MLA/APA style Works Cited.
• Submitting any work that was done by another person (this includes papermills, cutting
and pasting, unethical tutoring, etc.)
• Re-submitting work done previously or for another course, etc.
Tutor use must be ethically pursued (a tutor can TEACH a student, but not write anything for
the student), and tutor forms can be found at either reception desk. Our own tutors in the
WLC are excellent options for our students as they tutor ethically and their services are free!
Cheating occurs when a student engages in actual or attempted behaviour that results in
unauthorized access to information during any form of assessment. ‘Cheating’ also includes
assisting someone else to commit academic misconduct and fabrication or falsification of
research or data.
c. Alexander College Exam Rules
1. Alexander College student ID is required to write exams. Other ID will not be accepted.
2. No entry after 30 minutes, and no leaving the exam room for the first 30 minutes.
3. No bathroom breaks. If you leave the room during the exam, your exam will be over.
4. No cell phones or other electronic devices in pockets etc. (possession is considered
5. Only writing supplies, student card, and a water bottle allowed on the desk. No pencil
6. No jackets, hats, bags, or watches. All student possessions must be placed at the front of
7. No sharing calculators.
8. Possession or use of information or materials not authorized by the Instructor is cheating.
9. It is your responsibility not to appear to be cheating.
Disciplinary Measures for Academic Misconduct:
Instances of academic misconduct are referred to as Academic Alerts. In each case, a college
administrator will contact the student by email.
1. When a student incurs a first Academic Alert, the student must complete a mandatory
remediation workshop. Failure to complete the remediation workshop will result in
suspension for academic misconduct for the next term.
2. When a student incurs a second Academic Alert, the student will be suspended for
academic misconduct for the next term. If the student is registered for any courses in the
next term, the student will be immediately dropped from those courses.
3. After the suspension period, if a student incurs a third Academic Alert, the student’s file
will be referred to the Academic Committee for consideration for expulsion.
Alexander College is committed to maintaining a safe work and study environment for all of our
students, staff, and faculty. We expect everyone to conduct themselves in a manner that is
respectful to all students, employees and property of the College. “Non-Academic” misconduct
includes any actions or behaviours on the part of students that:
1. disrupts or prevents fellow students from learning
2. disrupts or prevents faculty or staff members from performing their appointed duties
3. threatens or compromises the safety of fellow students, staff members, or faculty
4. results in damage to College equipment or property.
Students who engage in non-academic misconduct will be referred to the Director of Student
Affairs for disciplinary action. Such action may include: temporary removal from a classroom,
permanent removal from a course, and/or liability for damages caused to College equipment or
property. In severe cases, non-academic misconduct may result in temporary suspension or
permanent expulsion from Alexander College. For further information, please refer to the
Academic Calendar (https://alexandercollege.ca/admissions-and-registration/academic calendar/).
Accommodation for Disability & Chronic Illness
Students who have a disability or medical/psychological concern (e.g., a chronic illness) that may
affect their attendance or participation in class must establish their need for accommodation with
the Director of Operations or Director of Academic Affairs by the end of the third week of the
term. If the student does not notify the administration in time, no accommodations will be granted
for the student during that term.
Each student applying for accommodation will be considered individually, on a case-by-case
basis, with respect and confidentiality. Instructors will make provisions as mutually agreed upon
by themselves and the student.
All Alexander College courses each have a complimentary course page found on Canvas,
our Learning Management System (LMS). You can easily find all important course
content on our course page.
To access Canvas for the first time, simply visit http://lms.alexandercollege.ca and use
your Alexander College student number as your ID, and your first name + birth date as
your temporary password.
The login page looks like this:
Please pay attention to the following points regarding your temporary password:
• The year is four digits, the month and day numbers must be 2 digits. (e.g.,
19990104 for January 4, 1999).
• Students with 2 ‘first names’ will have a space between their names (e.g., julia
• Students with a hyphen in their first names will keep the hyphen (e.g., julia louise19990104)
• Please change your password after you first login to Canvas.
Once logged in, select this course and you will find several resources provided to
enhance your learning experience. You can also find a copy of this syllabus and useful
college policies within the first Module.
Thanks to easy-to-use and intuitive menus and features, Canvas is very user-friendly.
However, if you need additional information about using Canvas, you can visit a Student
Guide page provided by Canvas Community at https://goo.gl/abGa4c.
Your AC student # (example: 099999)
We, the students of Alexander College, are an academic community dedicated to behaving in a manner that
commands the respect and trust of our Instructors, peers, and college as a whole. As a member of this
community, I pledge on my honour, to act with the highest level of honesty, integrity, and dignity. I
promise to uphold the community of trust, of which I am an important member. By signing this contract, I
agree not to violate the Honour Code in my studies at Alexander College. I will:
1) Be honest in my academic career.
2) Create a positive learning environment for myself and all others in my academic community.
3) Be responsible for my own actions.
4) Respect the rights, feelings, and personal or academic property of others.
5) Grow in the understanding of other cultures, perspectives, and beliefs.
6) Display and uphold academic honesty by:
a. Completing my assignments within the guidelines set by the Instructor
b. Properly citing all of my research and resources
c. Using the Internet for appropriate research or study
d. Only using materials authorized by my Instructor during an exam
e. Collaborating in approved study groups
f. Presenting only true and official marks or grades
g. Submitting true and correct official documents
h. Always telling the truth
i. Respecting the rights of others
j. Showing respect to others with my words and actions
k. Taking care of school property (including classroom desks, surfaces, computers, printers, and
l. Respecting the property and belongings of other students
m. Valuing all classes, meetings, student activities, and social events (either on or off campus)
n. Helping other students do all of the above
7) Follow all of the Alexander College school policies and rules.
8) Help others in my academic community to uphold the Honour Code.
————————————— Detach Here ———————————-
I have received, read, and understood the information contained within my course outline including the
policy plagiarism and academic integrity.
Student Name (printed) Student Number
Student Signature Date