APA essay on the technology used for law enforcement to arrest someone in one state, when they committed a crime in another.
Criminal Justice Information Systems
Criminal Justice Information Systems
Advanced technology has enabled government agencies to retain their information while at the same time sharing the same information among each other. It is no different for criminal justice agencies who are now known to share databases. The case for Uncle Bob being arrested in Florida while in a trip is not new. It is one example among many of suspects who have been arrested away from the jurisdiction they committed their crimes. Law enforcement information sharing has improved significantly across the government as they become more vigilant in detecting, preventing, and responding to crime. After all, the 9/11 incident acted as a wakeup call for federal, state, and local agencies to collaborate in information on terrorists. A fundamental concept of intelligence sharing is the presence of technology that now allows law enforcement departments to capture data and upload it to a shared enterprise-wide database. The following are a number of ways through which Uncle Bob’s data could have been available to the Miami Police Department.
According to Homeland Security (2016), the National Network of Fusion Centers is a collaborative platform where two or more agencies can share intelligence. These fusion centers act as a focal point for state and local governments in major urban areas to strengthen their law enforcement departments. Considering California and Miami are major urban areas, chances are high that they use fusion centers to create a flow of threat-related information. Probably, Uncle Bob had a warning on the database or a previous similar incident. Fusion centers share information within police departments to aid in the decision making capacity of an officer during an encounter with a foreigner.
Another way that the two departments could have shared information could be the National Criminal Intelligence Resource Center (NCIRC). This platform is web based and was created by the Bureau of Justice Assistance to form a centralized online repository for the latest crime developments. The web resource is dynamic in nature meaning that police departments are constantly uploading data on the site. If the California agency uploaded the crimes of Uncle Bob to the website, they would still be accessible since the database acts in real-time. The nature of this intelligence sharing method benefits criminal justice professionals as they can all use the platform to hold discussions and improve decision-making.
The Integrated Automated Fingerprint Identification System (IAFIS) is another method through which the Miami Police Department could have gained more information on Uncle Bob. Today, biometric systems have enabled police departments to gain more information on criminals by processing their fingerprints. Also, if Uncle Bob had used any fingerprint services while in Miami, an alert would have been raised on the police information systems. The IAFIS is a computerized system by the FBI used to store, compare, an exchange fingerprint data. One of the major services of IAFIS is that it provides tentative identification of suspects once their name, height, ID numbers, body markings and date or birth are given (Thales, 2020). As stated in the case study, the police knew the names, height, birth date and weight of Uncle Bob. Feeding the data to the IAFIS system could have revealed his criminal history hence leading to his arrest.
The FBI’s Law Enforcement Enterprise Portal (LEEP) is commended as one of the most useful information sharing platforms for law enforcement. This is because it offers its users a means to log into the system once using one authentication (Thysse, 2014). Prior to LEEP, law enforcement departments had to log in severally when they needed to access information posted by fellow departments. LEEP also provides a way for collaborating several other databases used by the criminal justice agencies. Therefore, if the Miami Police Department was in possession of LEEP, they could be able to access a wide variety of data cutting across the federal Joint Automated Booking System, National Gang Intelligence Center, Regional Information Sharing System, and the Internet Crime Complaint Center. If Uncle Bob had been booked as an offender who should be in custody, it would have shown in the LEEP database hence leading to his arrest.
In summary, there are various ways through which information is shared between local and federal agencies. Advancements in technology have enabled police departments to improve their decision making capabilities through the vast information they can access on shared databases. This has enables law enforcement agencies to fight crime regardless of the jurisdiction offenders commit their crimes. The National Network of Fusion Centers, NCIRC, IAFIS, and LEEP could have been used by the Miami Police Department to track down Uncle Bob and apprehend him. These systems give prompt disclosure of offenders or crime suspects hence equipping law enforcement agencies with a longer reach. Using the primary index information about Bob, the Miami Police Department was able to tap into their systems and view all available criminal records. Uncle Bob will be charged for over speeding and will be taken into custody where he will be prosecuted and charged.
Homeland Security. (2016). National Network of Fusion Centers Fact Sheet. Retrieved from https://www.dhs.gov/national-network-fusion-centers-fact-sheet
Thales. (2020). Automated Fingerprint Identification System (AFIS) – a short history. Retrieved from https://www.thalesgroup.com/en/markets/digital-identity-and-security/government/biometrics/afis-history
Thysse, R. (2014). Leep Opens the Door to Resources for Law Enforcement, Expands Information Sharing Environment. Retrieved from https://www.dni.gov/index.php/component/content/article?id=2384:leep-opens-the-door-to-resources-for-law-enforcement-expands-information-sharing-environment