HCM-320: THE ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF HEALTH CARE
FINAL PROJECT SUBMISSION COUNTING 7-2 POINTS: HEALTH ISSUE PRESENTATION
THE CENTERS FOR INNOVATIVE
CONTROL OF DISEASES
“ONE IN EVERY FIVE CHILDREN”
THE US HAVE
▪ “There are several elements that can play a role in the development of obesity (CDC)
gain, which include both behavior and genetics, as well as taking
a number of pharmaceuticals “. (CDC)
The state of the economy might also be a significant factor.
▪ Children’s environments
▪ Urban planning
a variety of nutritious and reasonably priced meal options
▪ Exercise in a safe setting
Children in the United States have been exposed to a
increase in the prevalence of obesity in recent years, and
It poses a significant risk to people’s health.
AN APPRAISAL OF THE CONCERN WITH HEALTH
PRINCIPLES AND INDICATORS OF THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM
If we are to believe Cawley, “The real price of a two-liter bottle of Coca-Cola and a McDonald’s meal both decreased by 34.89 percent between the years 1990 and 2007 respectively.
a decrease of 5.44 percent was seen in the quarter-pounder with cheese “. (Cawley 2010)
The BMI is extremely sensitive to the pricing of fast food, especially for young people from
families living on a limited budget
Those with higher incomes may be able to afford to buy more expensive but healthier meals.
lieu of low-quality inexpensive junk food.
The accumulation of additional wealth may also play a role in the development of obesity.
increased calorie consumption alongside decreased physical activity.
IMPACTS ON THE ECONOMY
Ailments of the Heart
Ailments of the Coronary Arteries (CHD)
result in increased costs for medical care for
the diagnosis, as well as the treatment.
It was brought to our attention that “The yearly
the immediate expenses of childhood
estimates of obesity in the United States
to the tune of approximately $14.3 billion” (Cawley,
according to Hammond’s research)
Many studies have examined to
which obesity causes diseases
as well as the price tag for Medicare
Low-income, profession, and education
are socioeconomic factors that influence
Families with more educated heads of households have a
lower obesity rate than those with less educated heads,
although the relationship is not consistent across races and
Parents who work full time jobs are less likely to promote
healthy lifestyle options for there children.
Pediatric Organizations are impacted by
childhood obesity the most.
▪ Pediatric organizations deal with health issue
caused by childhood obesity, including
hypertension, diabetes, and joint impairments.
▪ Childhood obesity also affects mental health
organizations. With issues such as being bullied or
being the bully, stress and anxiety.
“Don’t make kids feel
bad about their
weight, they say, and
it just might be easier
for them to lose it”.
EVALUATION OF POLICY
• Socioeconomic status
• Children’s environments
• Urban planning
• affordable food options
• Exercise in a safe
• Income and working parents
Current Landscape According to the CDC “there are
many different programs and policies that can contribute
towards the creation of healthy
community food environments”. (CDC) One such strategy
is to encourage farmers markets and
grocery stores to establish shops in deprived areas.
• Healthy eating habits
• limiting calorie-rich temptations
• adequate sleep
• minimize screen
day can lead to
success”. (CDC) In order to prevent chronic conditions, healthcare facilities need
to educate their patients
about healthy lifestyles.
▪ Clinical care can be provided via mobile clinics in underserved
areas both rural and urban by using vans, trucks, and buses to
provide services through a comprehensive technology
▪ A change needs to be made by the health insurance industry so
that coverage is more affordable and easier to qualify for.
▪ Growing children should be monitored.
▪ Provide families with proper nutrition and exercise information.
▪ Direct them to local or online resources if they require more
According to Cutler “state
and local governments
currently spend about $300
billion annually on health
care, and health care
accounts for nearly one-third
of state budgets”. (Cutler
• Children do develop healthier eating patterns when their home
environments support them.
• Children’s food consumption and physical activity will be
positively affected by the Early Childhood Intervention Program
by means of helping them to develop healthy habits.
• One of the main benefits of wellbeing is helping to reduce health
care costs. affected by the Early Childhood Intervention Program by means of
helping them to develop healthy
• Obesity prevention recommendations are faced
with numerous barriers by parents, including
apprehension and unwillingness to change
among children and families, in addition to
• It is important for families to be considered
during the development of intervention
programs so that barriers can be overcome and
appropriate facilitators can be utilized.
Children from low-income families are most likely
to be obese in the United States, in part because
healthy foods are expensive and fast food is
• Mobile healthcare services
• Healthy living classes
• Safer places to implement exercise
• Government funding
• Community support
Center for Disease Control and Prevention: Overweight & Obesity
Hemmingsson, E. (2018) Early Childhood Obesity Risk Factors: Socioeconomic Adversity,
Family Dysfunction, Offspring Distress, and Junk Food Self-Medication
Cawley, J. (2010) The Economics Of Childhood Obesity
Cutler, D. (2010) How States Can Improve the Health Care System: Four Steps for Health Care Reform
Bazyk, S., & Winne, R. (2013). A multi-tiered approach to addressing the mental health issues surrounding obesity in
children and youth. Occupa- tional Therapy In Health Care, 27, 84–98,
Hammond, R. A., Levine R. (n.d) The economic Impact of obesity in the United States
Gordon, M. (June 5, 2019) How Doctors Can Stop Stigmatizing And Start Helping Kids With Obesity